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sulphide ore refractory

DIFFERENTIAL FLOTATION OF SULFIDE ORES FOR RECOVERING ...

Oct 04, 2018· The method promotes the flotation of the refractory auriferous sulfides and claims to enhance separation of sulfide minerals, including refractory auriferous sulfides, from non-sulfide gangue material. The flotation concentrates are recovered from the flotation froth enriched in sulfide …

Gold extraction - Wikipedia

These refractory ores require pre-treatment in order for cyanidation to be effective in recovery of the gold. A refractory ore generally contains sulfide minerals, organic carbon, or both. Sulfide minerals are impermeable minerals that occlude gold particles, making it difficult for the leach solution to form a complex with the gold.

Pre-treatment of a refractory gold sulfide ore by means of ...

Pre-treatment of a refractory gold sulfide ore by means of Acidithiobacilli cells. ... However, this process is not completely effective in refractory gold-bearing sulfide ores. In the case of ...

Copper extraction - Wikipedia

As with oxide ores, solvent extraction and electrowinning technologies are used to recover the copper from the pregnant leach solution. Supergene sulfide ores rich in native copper minerals are refractory to treatment with sulfuric acid leaching on all practicable time scales, and the dense metal particles do not react with froth flotation media.

How Is Gold Purified? | Sciencing

Apr 24, 2017· Refractory ore contains carbon and is heated to over 1000 degrees F, which removes sulfide and carbon. The resulting oxide ore is directed to the leaching circuit. Sulfide refractory ore that contains no carbon is oxidized in an autoclave to free gold from sulfide …

Rebellious Ores: Sulfides, Selenides and Tellurides

The early day miners feared it, and it happened a lot more often than they would have liked: the easily worked rich surface ores they discovered on the surface gave way as they mined downward, to a vein full of sulfides, base metals and other nasty, rebellious and refractory ores.

ECONOMICS OF REFRACTORY GOLD ORE PROCESSES

ECONOMICS OF REFRACTORY GOLD ORE PROCESSES John E. Litz and R. Wayne Carter 119th TMS Annual Meeting February 18-22, 1990 Hazen Research, Inc. 4601 Indiana Street Golden, Colorado 80403 Abstract Refractory gold ore pretreatment processes continue to receive much attention. This

Developments in the pretreatment of refractory gold ...

submicroscopic gold inclusions within sulphide minerals such as arsenopyrite and pyrite. Such ores require a pre-treatment process to alter or destroy the sulphide matrix and render the gold accessible to cyanide and oxygen (Gudyanga et al., 1999). The gold in high-sulphur and high-arsenic refractory gold concentrate (HGC) is encapsulated

Refractory sulfide ores – case studies - ScienceDirect

Kanowna Belle represented a major new gold project located near Kalgoorlie in Western Australia. The primary ore to be treated is refractory in nature, exhibiting only 70–75% recovery, even after fine grinding and cyanidation. The ore has a low average sulfide content of …

Gold Mining Process Development – Denver Mineral Engineers

REFRACTORY ORE PROCESSING. The common definition of "refractory" gold ores, are those ores that do not allow the recovery of gold by standard gravity concentration or direct cyanide leaching. One major category of refractory ores are gold values contained within the crystalline structure of sulfide minerals such as pyrite and arsenopyrite.

sulfide gold ore beneficiation - YouTube

May 25, 2016· Any further queries please feel free to contact me at: Email:[email protected] WhatsApp:+86 18037167566 website:,,http ...

GOLD RECOVERY OF REFRACTORY SULFIDE CONCENTRATES …

The problem of refractory sulfide gold ore that has a gold recovery less than 50% when direct cyanidation applied, still exists until now. It needs oxidative pretreatment for cyanidation to be effective in gold recovery the objective of this study is figuring out the effect of sodium nitrite as an oxidizing reagent on cyanidation of refractory gold ore.

Review Pretreatment Process on Refractory Gold Ores with As

technology started to process ores in the 1950 s, and at first leached to recovery copper from the low-grade copper ore or marginal copper ore. In the mid-1980 s, the first commer-cial plant which applied bacterial oxidation to pretreat refractory gold ores was built in South Africa. After bacte-rial oxidation, sulphide decomposition, arsenic ...

First refractory sulphide gold ore processed at Alacer's ...

First refractory sulphide gold ore processed at Alacer's Çöpler Posted by Paul Moore on 6th November 2018 Alacer Gold Corp has announced the processing of the first sulphide ore through the sulphide plant at the Çöpler mine in Turkey, with the first autoclave coming online over the weekend and now operating as designed.

Sulphide Gold Ore Treatment by Leaching and Flotation Process

Problem with gold recovery from sulphide ore: How may a mill get the maximum recovery of gold from a sulphide ore, at the least capital cost and at the same time obtain the highest net return. This latter point is most important. In many cases a gold mill using an all-cyanide flowsheet with fine grinding of all the ore will report very low gold content in the tailings particularly on an ...

The reasons of gold refractory, Gold ore classification ...

Nov 28, 2016· I. The reason of the gold mineral refractory There are so many types of reasons that caused the difficulty of gold ore processing, including physical element, chemical element, and …

Sulphide Gold | Gekko

Other turnkey modular systems for pre-concentrating coarse sulphide-gold ores include the Python plant and the Gravity Flotation Intensive Leach (GFIL) systems, both of which incorporate the InLine Pressure Jig. Regrinding of pre-concentrated non-refractory sulphide complex gold material, by a conventional regrind mill, can produce free gold ...

CHLORIDE HYPOCHLORITE OXIDATION AND LEACHING …

Chloride–hypochlorite oxidation and leaching of refractory sulfide gold concentrate 65 Fig. 3. Particles size analysis of gold concentrate Fig. 4. XRD analysis of gold concentrate obtained by flotation Table 1. Major elements composition of the ore and floated concentrate

Refractory Gold Ore Treatment Methods

Metallurgical ContentGold Leaching & Processing of Arsenic OreMispickel (Arsenopyrite: FeAsS).6Leaching and Recovering Gold from Antimony MineralsStibnite (Antimony Sulphide, Sb2S2)Telluride Gold Ore ProcessingSolubility of TelluridesGold Extraction from Carbonaceous OreList Gold Refractory Process Methods Where gold is associated with arsenic, antimony, tellurium, and …

Sulphidic refractory gold ore pre-treatment by selective ...

In sulphidic refractory gold ores, fine gold particles may be highly disseminated and locked up in sulphide minerals such as pyrite and arsenopyrite. Hence, pre-treating processes are necessary to extract gold for further processing methods like cyanidation.

Leachox™ Refractory and Sulphide Gold Process | Maelgwyn ...

Refractory gold ores are generally defined as those ores that do not give economical recoveries in conventional cyanide circuits where the ore has been ground to around 53 to 75 microns. The gold is normally present in refractory gold sulphide ores containing mainly pyrite, arsenopyrite or pyrrhotite and occurs in both the chemically bonded ...

Characterizing gold in refractory sulfide gold ores and ...

Gold is present in refractory sulfide gold ores mainly in arsenian pyrite and arsenopyrite, where it occurs in both the chemically bonded state and as nano-size grains of metallic gold. During roasting or pressure oxidation, the sulfide matrix is destroyed and essentially all …

BIOX® Process - Outotec

The process was developed for the pre-treatment of refractory concentrates ahead of conventional cyanide leaching for gold recovery. As the gold is encapsulated in sulfide minerals such as pyrite and arsenopyrite, the gold is prevented from being leached by cyanide. ... more than 150 concentrate and whole ore samples have been tested for ...

Advances in high-temperature heap leaching of refractory ...

Advances in high-temperature heap leaching of refractory copper sulphide ores conditions for bacterial activity in the heaps. Specially designed column tests are required to simulate the natural dynamic temperature behaviour in a large-scale heap, by accounting for all the terms of a …

ALTA Gold 2012 E-Doc - albionprocess.com

'locked' in sulphide minerals. The majority of gold ores are classified refractory because the gold mineralogy is contained in sulphides. This type of gold is typically very fine gold or locked in solid solution within sulphide minerals pyrite and arsenopyrite (FeAsS). The arsenic bearing pyrite is

Refractory Gold | Mining | SGS

Also, grinding the ore to an extremely fine particle size can liberate gold encapulsated in sulfides. SGS has very extensive experience with all the unit operations involved in the processing of refractory gold ores, and in selecting the optimum flowsheet for a particular ore. Our gold metallurgy expertise is second to none. Chemical interference

Robust, low-cost BIOX process at Fosterville gold mine ...

The Outotec BIOX process was developed for the pre-treatment of refractory ores and concentrates ahead of conventional cyanide leach for gold recovery. The gold in these ores is encapsulated in sulphide minerals such as pyrite, arsenopyrite and pyrrhotite, thus preventing the gold from being leached by cyanide.